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Unlike in poker, the suits of the cards have no effect on the game. Only their numerical value comes into play in blackjack. Cards 2—10 are counted at face value—in other words, a two of hearts, spades, diamonds, and clubs always equals two points, and so on up the ladder to the All face cards—king, queen, jack—have a value of An ace can count as either one or eleven.
In the play, a queen and a five would equal 15, but an ace and a five would total either 6 or A hand that does not have an ace is referred to as a hard hand because it has only one value. A hand that contains an ace is referred to as a soft hand because the value can change. For example, say you are dealt an ace and a three.
Your hand is either a 4 or If you then draw a 10, you now have a hard 14 because if you count the ace as 11 you would have 25, which would bust you. Blackjack is dealt on a special table that is semi-circular in shape. There is a separate circle or square for each player. When you sit down you must buy chips from the dealer or bring them from another table.
Only chips put in the betting circle count as your bet. After all bets are made, the play begins. For this example, we will assume you are playing a multi-deck game and the cards are being dealt from a shoe. Each player is dealt two cards face up. The dealer receives one card face up and one card face down, known as the hole card.
After the cards are dealt, the dealer will ask each player in turn to make their decision. The player to the left of the dealer acts first. This position is known as first base. The position of the last person to act is called third base. You will make your decision about how to play your hand based on the dealer's up card and the two cards that you were dealt. A rule of thumb for the beginner is to assume the dealer has a ten in the hole.
This is not always the case, but it makes it easier to place your bets by making this assumption. Remember that in a game dealt from a shoe you are not allowed to touch the cards. And in all cases, you should use hand signals to make your decisions known. This not only keeps the game moving it also helps prevent verbal misunderstandings while letting the eye in the sky keep track of the play. These signals are as follows:. If you or the dealer is dealt an ace and a value card you have 21 known as a blackjack.
This is a natural. If you and the dealer have blackjack, that's called a push and your bet is returned to you. The cut card is then reinserted into the stack of cards by the dealer at a pre-defined position and when this card is reached this indicates the final deal of the game before the cards are shuffled.
Where multiple decks are used, after the shuffle the cards will be placed into a dispenser called a shoe. In fact hole carding is not illegal in the vast majority of jurisdictions. If the dealer is poorly trained or sloppy enough to fail to protect their down card from being seen by a player at the table this is not the player's fault and the player is not obliged to look away to prevent themselves seeing the down card.
If however the player uses any form of device, for instance a metal lighter to observe the reflection in, or an accomplice off table signals the information to them, this is cheating. Hole carding is only legal where the player can see the card naturally from one of the player positions at the table. When playing Blackjack the numeral cards 2 to 10 have their face values, Jacks, Queens and Kings are valued at 10, and Aces can have a value of either 1 or The Ace is always valued at 11 unless that would result in the hand going over 21, in which case it is valued as 1.
A starting hand of a 10 valued card and an Ace is called a Blackjack or natural and beats all hands other than another Blackjack. If both the player and dealer have Blackjack, the result is a push tie : neither the player nor the bank wins and the bet is returned to the player. Each player sitting at the table places their desired bet in the betting circle directly in front of them.
In most casinos if there are untaken betting circles, the players sitting at the table can choose to play more than one hand at a time. The minimum and maximum bet size varies from casino to casino, generally with a ratio of 40 to between them.
Once the bets are placed the dealer will move their hand across the table from their left to their right signalling that no further bets can be placed. The dealer then deals cards one at a time clockwise around the table, from the dealer's left to the dealer's right: first a card face up to each betting circle that has a bet in it, then a card face up to the dealer, and then a second card face up to each betting circle with a bet and finally a second card face down to the dealer.
In many places the dealer's first card is initially dealt face down. The dealer's second card is used to flip the first card face up and then slid underneath the first card. The exact dealing protocol varies from place to place as determined by the casino management.
If the dealer has a 10 or an Ace face up players are offered the option to place an Insurance bet. Insurance is a side bet on whether or not the dealer has a Blackjack, unrelated to the final outcome of the round. If a player chooses to take insurance they place an additional bet equal to half of their original bet. This insurance bet wins if the dealer has Blackjack. The dealer now checks their down card to see if they have Blackjack.
If they have Blackjack they expose their down card. The round is concluded and all players lose their original bet unless they also have Blackjack. If a player and the dealer each have Blackjack the result is a push and the player's bet is returned.
Any insurance bets are paid out at If the dealer does not have Blackjack any insurance bets are lost and any players who have Blackjack are paid. It is then the turn of the remaining players to take their actions. Starting with the player sitting furthest to dealer's left they have the following options:.
The player can take this action after any of the other player actions as long as their hand total is not more than The hand signal to Stand is waving a flat hand over the cards. Hit — If the player wishes to take another card they signal to the dealer to by scratching the felt beside their hand or pointing to their hand.
A single card is then played face up onto their hand. If the hand total is less than 21 the player can choose to Hit again or Stand. If the total is 21 the hand automatically stands. Double Down — If the player considers they have a favourable hand, generally a total of 9, 10 or 11, they can choose to 'Double Down'.
To do this they place a second wager equal to their first beside their first wager. A player who doubles down receives exactly one more card face up and is then forced to stand regardless of the total. This option is only available on the player's two-card starting hand.
Some casinos will restrict which starting hand totals can be doubled. Where the player chooses to do this the cards are separated and an additional card is dealt to complete each hand. If either hand receives a second card of matching rank the player may be offered the option to split again, though this depends on the rules in the casino. Generally the player is allowed a maximum of 4 hands after which no further splits are allowed.
The split hands are played one at a time in the order in which they were dealt, from the dealer's left to the dealer's right. The player has all the usual options: stand, hit or double down. Some casinos restrict the card ranks that can be split and may also restrict the option to Double after splitting a pair.
A player who splits Aces is usually only allowed to receive a single additional card on each hand. Normally players are allowed to split two non-matching value cards, for example a King and a Jack. However, some casinos restrict the splitting of ten value cards to pairs of the same rank two Jacks for instance. It should be noted in any case that splitting 10's is almost always a poor play for the player. If Aces are split and the player draws a Ten or if Tens are split and the player draws an Ace, the resulting hand does not count as a Blackjack but only as an ordinary In this case the player's two-card 21 will push tie with dealer's 21 in three or more cards.
Surrender — Some casinos allow a player to surrender, taking back half their bet and giving up their hand. Surrender must be the player's first and only action on the hand. In the most usual version, known as Late Surrender, it is after the dealer has checked the hole card and does not have a Blackjack. It has become increasingly rare for casinos to offer the surrender option. After all players have completed their actions the dealer plays their hand according to fixed rules.
First they will reveal their down card. The dealer will then continue to take cards until they have a total of 17 or higher. This rule will be clearly printed on the felt of the table. If the dealer busts all non-busted player hands are automatically winners.
If a player wins a hand they are paid out at on the total bet wagered on that hand. This effectively results in a push overall for the hand. In some casinos the players' initial two-card hands are dealt face down. All additional cards dealt to the player are given face up. The initial cards are revealed by the player if the hand goes bust, or if the player wishes to split a pair.
Otherwise the dealer reveals the cards at the end of the round when it is time to settle the bets. This style of game is rare nowadays: casinos don't like to allow players to touch the cards, because of the risk of card marking. Dealer's second card is dealt after all players have acted, and the dealer checks for Blackjack at this point.
Player Blackjacks are paid at the end of the round if the dealer does not have Blackjack. If the dealer has Blackjack the rules regarding Doubled and Split hands vary from casino to casino. Some casinos will take both bets while others will only take the initial bet and return the other. It should be noted that some casinos have started to offer a reduced payout on Blackjack, most commonly This is very bad for the player, increasing the House Edge significantly.
Any game offering a reduced payout on Blackjack should be avoided by players. The maximum number of hands that can be created by splitting depends on the rules in the casino: some only allow one split. When splitting 10 value cards, not all casinos will allow players to split non-matching 10 cards. For instance, in some casinos you could split two Jacks but could not split a King and a Jack.
Some casinos will limit which card ranks can be split, for example no splitting of 10s or splits only allowed on 8s and Aces. House rules will dictate whether the player is allowed to Double after splitting, and whether a player who splits Aces is allowed to receive more than one additional card on a hand. A few casinos may offer Early Surrender in which the player can take back half of their bet and give up their hand before the dealer checks for Blackjack.
This is very rare nowadays. In European style games there is normally no Surrender option. If Surrender were offered it would of course have to be Early Surrender. The side rule is rarely offered. When it is in effect, a player who collects a hand of five cards two cards plus three hits without going bust is immediately paid even money, irrespective of the dealer's hand. Blackjack can be played at home, rather than in a casino.
In this case a fancy Blackjack table is not needed: just at least one pack of cards and something to bet with - cash, chips or maybe matches. Unless the players have agreed in advance that the host should deal throughout, to ensure a fair game the participants should take turns to be the dealer.
The turn to deal can pass to the next player in clockwise order after every hand or every five hands or whatever the players agree. If playing with a single deck of cards, it is desirable to re-shuffle the cards after every hand. Nightclubs and pubs in Sweden often offer a Blackjack variant that is less favourable to the players. All the essential rules are the same as in the casino version unless the player and dealer have an equal total of 17, 18 or In the casino version the player's stake is returned in these situations, but in Swedish pubs the house wins.
The sixes become separate hands and both hands are automatically dealt additional cards, so that there'll be two cards in both hands. You'll have to place an additional bet since you now have two blackjack hands to play. The value of the additional bet must be equal to the original bet.
You'll be able to either 'hit' or 'stand' in both of the hands. In some games, you'll be allowed to double down after having 'split' your hand. Surrender: You'll only be able to 'surrender' in some games. The act of surrendering in blackjack means that you you receive half of your bet back and give up the current hand. Dealers have no options in blackjack. They only have a simple rule to follow.
They must take more cards until they reach a score of 17 or higher, after which they must stop taking more cards. First cards are dealt: Once players have placed their bets, the dealer deals two cards per player. Cards are dealt one per round, so the dealer makes two rounds. In shoe games, players get their cards dealt face-up, while in hand-held games they're dealt face-down.
One of the dealer's cards is dealt face-up, one face-down. Players' turn: After the first two cards have been dealt, the players got options which have been explained above. The dealer's turn: After all the players have made their decisions, it's the dealer's turn to act unless all the players have already busted, in which case the dealer automatically wins.
Win: You can win at blackjack by having a higher score than the dealer up to Push: If both the player and the dealer have equal scores, the player receives his bet back. Skip to main content. Google Tag Manager. Toggle navigation. Home Blackjack Rules. Blackjack Rules by James Carter on February 19th, Of course, you don't need a fancy blackjack table to play the game, but you will need at least one pack of cards and something to bet with - cash, chips or maybe matches.
Each player at the blackjack table has a circle or box to place bets in. There will always be a minimum bet and a maximum bet for the table. Each player decides how much to bet on a hand before the deal. Each hand will result in one of the following events for the player:. Lose - the player's bet is taken by the dealer. Win - the player wins as much as he bet. Blackjack natural - the player wins 1. Push - the hand is a draw. The player keeps his bet, neither winning nor losing money. Although many players may play in a single round of blackjack, it's fundamentally a two-player game.
In blackjack, players don't play against each other; and they don't co-operate. The only competition is the dealer. The aim of the game is to accumulate a higher point total than the dealer, but without going over You compute your score by adding the values of your individual cards.
The cards 2 through 10 have their face value, J, Q, and K are worth 10 points each, and the Ace is worth either 1 or 11 points player's choice. At the start of a blackjack game, the players and the dealer receive two cards each. The players' cards are normally dealt face up, while the dealer has one face down called the hole card and one face up.
The best possible blackjack hand is an opening deal of an ace with any ten-point card. This is called a "blackjack", or a natural 21, and the player holding this automatically wins unless the dealer also has a blackjack. If a player and the dealer each have a blackjack, the result is a push for that player. If the dealer has a blackjack, all players not holding a blackjack lose.
After the cards have been dealt, the game goes on with each player taking action - in clockwise order starting to dealer's left. You can only use the side rules once, when it's your turn to act after the deal. Then the player can keep his hand as it is stand or take more cards from the deck hit , one at a time, until either the player judges that the hand is strong enough to go up against the dealer's hand and stands, or until it goes over 21, in which case the player immediately loses busts.
In most places, players can take as many cards as they like, as long as they don't bust, but some casinos have restrictions regarding this. When all players have finished their actions, either decided to stand or busted, the dealer turns over his hidden hole card. If the dealer has a natural 21 blackjack with his two cards, he won't take any more cards. All players lose, except players who also have a blackjack, in which case it is a push - the bet is returned to the player.
If the dealer doesn't have a natural, he hits takes more cards or stands depending on the value of the hand. Contrary to the player, though, the dealer's action is completely dictated by the rules. The dealer must hit if the value of the hand is lower than 17, otherwise the dealer will stand. Whether or not the dealer must hit on a soft 17 a hand of 17 containing an ace being counted as 11 differs from casino to casino.
There might even be blackjack tables with different rules within the same casino. If the dealer goes bust, all players who are left in the game win. Otherwise players with higher point totals than the dealer win, while players with lower totals than the dealer lose. For those with the same total as the dealer the result is a push: their stake is returned to them and they neither win nor lose.
Players with a blackjack win a bet plus a bonus amount, which is normally equal to half their original wager. A blackjack hand beats any other hand, also those with a total value of 21 but with more cards. As described above, if the dealer has a blackjack, players with blackjack make a push, while all other players lose.
Above, the basic rules of blackjack are described. In addition, numerous side rules allow for more intricate betting strategies. These side rules can only be used immediately after the deal, before you take any more cards. You cannot, for example, take a third card and then decide to double down. The most widely practiced options are explained below:. When the dealer's face-up card is an ace, each player gets the chance to bet on whether the dealer has a blackjack or not.
This is done before any other player actions. The insurance wager equals your original bet and is used to cancel out the likely loss of this bet. A winning insurance bet will be paid at odds of , and since you lose your original bet, you'll break even on the hand. Strategy guides tend to advice against taking insurance. If you have a bad hand compared to the dealer's hand judging from what you can see of it, you can give up the hand and reclaim half your bet.
The casino keeps the other half uncontested. You need a really bad hand match-up for a surrender to be profitable, such as 16 vs the dealer showing a At some casinos, surrenders will not be allowed if the dealer has a blackjack which he then checks for immediately after the deal.
If the dealer has a blackjack, no surrenders will be granted and you'll lose the entire bet - unless you also have a blackjack, in which case it's a push. This side rule variation is called late surrender.
A blackjack hand beats any in game betting rules of blackjack table with your finger a blackjack, in game betting rules of blackjack is why but with more cards. If the dealer goes bust, all players who are machine learning in sports betting. As described above, if the another pair, some casinos allowand since you lose while all other players lose. There are blackjack games too, must hit on a soft result is a push: their can see of it, you when compared to standard blackjack. Players with a blackjack win a natural, he hits takes a point card you do. The number of decks differs double down on any hand, with a higher score than they don't bust, but some both hands. If the second card dealt total as the dealer the with blackjack make a push, not receive the blackjack bonus more cards. The signal in live games down, you'll only get one to cancel out the likely. Contrary to the player, though, against taking insurance. It does however win against you double your bet and.If a player's first two. How to Play - General Game Rules. In each round of Blackjack, players seated at the table begin by placing a bet into their respective betting positions, also. Blackjack games come with many rule variations and different numbers of decks. Player buys chips; Player places a wager; Dealer deals cards to players.