Not only does he not refutes Penders claims, but he buries facts to hide the controversial issues, first by avoiding to mention at which date the letter used as main piece of of evidence was written, an information which would enable readers to get a clear picture of the sequence of events. And then by systematically lying by omission to mislead the readers. Miller goes on writting, p " The letter was analyzed for the prosecution by a state forensic analyst, Lee Ann Harmless, who concluded that Sarah Was the author of the letter.
An examination of the letter also found fingerprints belonging to steve Logan, an inmate who shared a cell in the county jail with Hull. However, as I wrotte, Sarah Pender has allways claimed that the letter was a forgery. One of her arguments is that her fingerprints were never found of the letter. Knowing this little bit about Sarah Jo Pender's case, I expected Steve Miller to enlighten me over this matter and tell the readers if this was truth, or not.
If he can writte that Steve logan's fingerprints were on the letter, he certainly knows if Pender's fingerprints were also on it or not. He doesn't lie, but it doesn't tell the truth either, and that makes him, in my mind, mostly a liar.
He chooses one more time to hide an important information to his readers, being confident that they will be none the wiser. In my opinion, this is a complete lack of respect. Here's what Pender's court papers also say about Steve Logan : "Hull testified [ He insisted [ This version to be sure, is extremely important. Logan is a witness who, if he denies writting the may 16th letter, admits Hull was indeed seeking to have a forgery made that would benefit him. What do we read about this in Steve Miller's book?
Not a line. Yet, this was also the kind of thing I was hoping Steve Miller would confirm, or debunk. What does the reader gets in place of solid investigation? Personnaly, had Miller told me flat out, with good arguments, that the logan testimony and the fingerprint claim were bogus, I would have believed him.
But the way he constantly twists facts makes him loose all credibility. And it has eventually reinforced my belief that Sarah Jo Pender was convinced using false evidence. Miller's hatred for Pender is so plain throughout the book that, had she not told the truth, I'm certain he would have let us know in so many pages. Steve Miller's narration of the Pender's and Hull's trials were an extreme disappointment to me. Here again, I found nothing that I didn't allready knew.
Where I expected quotes from court transcripts, I found that Miller had mostly borrowed from articles published in by the Indianapolis star and written by Vic Ryckaert. He doesn't have the professionnal courtesy to mention the names of either the newspaper or his colleague. This is well in keeping with his methods. Alltough many court documents and news articles are available on line, many of them for free, Millers didn't care to include a list of sources in his book.
Thus, he effectively makes it impossible for the readers to check any informations contained in the book or to discover what he has hidden from them. What about the rest of the book? The tale of Pender's days of life on the run? It is simply impossible to check anything Miller tells his reader. But if the first half of the book is any indication, nothing is to be trusted and whatever "revelations" miller does must be taken with a grain of salt the size of a rock.
Oddly enough, if Miller eludes the embarrasing question of the forged evidence, he opens as ambarassing an issue when he reveals, at the end of the book, that Richard Hull took three polygraph tests in which he successfully exonerated himself as the killer of Andrew Cataldi and Tricia Nordman.
Of course, this information should have been given to the reader when Miller wrotte about the prosecution and the trial. Miller probably decided to reveal this at the end of the book as a "coup de theatre". But also because readers reading about the polygraph tests and almost immediately after, about the way Hull's trial was conducted, would have raised an eyebrow about what Miller's revelation implied. Prosecutor Larry Sells, if we are to follow the writer's reasoning, had genuine proof in which Sarah Pender took responsability for the murders.
Prosecutor Larry Sells, If we believe Miller's revelations, knew Hull had successfully passed three polygraph tests in which he exonerated himself of the murder. And yet the same Prosecutor Larry Sells, knowing the man hadn't pull the trigger, is gone in a court room and has said with a straight face to a judge and an audience : "He picked a man's gun to do a coward deed" p , quote borrowed from the indystar , and then got that person sentenced to years in jail for a murder he knew the man hadn't commited Either Prosecutor Larry Sells is a man without ethics and deontology, or Larry Sells knew better than the polygraphs and Steve Miller hasn't told us, as usual, the whole story behind the these.
I will not hide that I was very skeptical about Miller's book even before he got in my mail box. But if Miller had been honest in the way he narrated the Sarah Pender Case, if he had dared to tackle every issue and had shedded light on every shadow, he could have convinced me and changed my mind. Reading carefully ""Girl Wanted", I have closed it thinking that its author had a complete lack of respect for his readers. By systematically hiding important facts, by deliberatly leaving many stones unturned, by avoiding the most controversial aspects of the case, by avoiding to source his informations, by writting in a dishonnest manner.
Miller has no respect for his readers, I don't recommand his book. I knew Sarah Pender well before losing contact with her a few years before this happened. The portrayal of who she was in this book is complete and utter sensationalized BS to sell a book. If the book was labeled as a fictionalized version of a true crime story, I could accept this.
But, it is labeled as Non-fiction. Sarah was a very sweet, smart, SHY, insecure, and loving individual. She was easily led and a people pleaser. She was NOT some sort of hypersexual, manipulative lolita. I say was, because God knows what the prison system has done to the psyche of this poor girl.
Did she help her boyfriend try to cover HIS murders? I think so. As I said, she WAS a people pleaser and easily led. Did she deserve or warrant the sentence she got or the the demonization of her character that THIS book shoves on her? Did she escape from prison? Yes, but if YOU were facing the sentence she is, knowing it was so unfair, might you not try to get out if you could? It's not like the system had been fair to her! This book makes her case look worse and THAT in my opinion is morally criminal.
People will read this, think it's true and it may ruin any future appeals. If you read this book as fiction, it is a good book. But, if you are reading it expecting thruth, look elsewhere. I found this book above the average level of many true crime books but not perfect.
Sarah's crimes of murder and manipulation fall into the category of selfish-druggie-doings. Consequently I was neither surprised nor interested much in her life prior to prison. She was a woman without values other than doing exactly what she wanted at the moment. Doesn't seem to matter too much how intelligent a person is if they make choices based upon whim of the moment.
The books is primarily interesting because of her successful prison break - something not every prisoner can think through. I found the detail on her, her family, co-murderer, etc. I found that a little disrespectful though recognizing there are some people who are very obscure.
Still I would have liked to know a bit about her life. Clear writing, full content, and interviews with the principals make this a good book for me. This book is a spectacular read: fast, intriguing, and organized in a manner where the tension builds like a fiction thriller—one must not forget that these tragic events are real.
The book does a great job introducing each person involved in this bizarre, addictive story of crime, prison, escape, and pursuit. Not only does Miller paint effective, three-dimensional portraits of each person, he also times their introductions in a manner that creates an ebb and flow effect that pulls the reader deeper into the story and raises tension.
I have never read a non-fiction account that so effectively raises suspense—I could not put it down. The book is also well researched, combining interviews, print accounts, letters, and court research to create a rock solid document. It is difficult to feel sorry for Sarah Pender. She had two parents who cared for her.
She was intelligent. She was well liked. She could have attended college. But Sarah wanted to do what Sarah wanted to do Sarah wanted to do drugs. Lots of drugs. Sarah wanted to live with her drug-dealing boyfriend and two other criminals.
Sarah thought she was smarter than everyone else. Following a brutal double murder, Sarah Pender and her boyfriend were both arrested. As she awaited trial, she wrote letters to her boyfriend. These letters were intercepted by authorities. Sarah was not nearly so smart as she imagined. I would think it common knowledge that telephone calls and letters are monitored, especially when the District Attorney is still gathering evidence.
In one letter, Sarah states, "I didn't mean to kill them. It must have been the acid. After serving 8 years of a life sentence, Sarah Pender felt she had spent enough time in prison. Using money and sex, she convinced a stupid, selfish prison guard to help her escape. A former convict friend drove her away from the prison, gave her money, and put her up for the night. So began the day odyssey of freedom for Sarah Pender. Maybe Sarah thought she would never be caught.
Maybe she knew she would. Either way, she had nothing to lose in breaking out of prison. She won precious days of freedom and felt pretty damn smart for a while. It was probably worth it to her. For the better part of time that Sarah was on the run, she was supported and assisted by Tom Welch, a man old enough to be her father.
He gave Sarah money. He put her up in various motels. He helped her find a job. Tom Welch did not know Sarah Pender was a fugitive. He did not know her real name. Even when he found out who she really was, he continued to fund her lifestyle and support her freedom. Tom Welch was a married man with a successful business.
But, so long as the well of forbidden sex with a fugitive never ran dry, he was up for the game. What a sad, stupid, pathetic man. It is unfortunate that Tom Welch was never charged with a crime and never had to do time for assisting Sarah Pender.
Scott Spitler, the prison guard who helped Sarah get outside the prison gates, and Jamie Long, the ex-convict friend who considered Sarah her "wife" and drove her away from the prison both got time for helping Sarah Pender. Yet, Tom Welch, who provided the most money and the most support, got nothing. It is difficult to understand what Welch saw in Sarah Pender.
She was smart, certainly Tom Welch is a lucky man. He should be sitting in prison right now. The author, Steve Miller, writes an intriguing story of a high school honors student gone wrong. There is no filler and no fluff. The portion of the book covering the trial of Sarah Pender is mercifully short and nothing that is previously discussed in written form is repeated.
In addition, Miller does an excellent job of exposing the rampant corruption in the Rockville Correctional Facility, as well as the penal system failures, of which there were MANY, that allowed Pender to so easily escape.
While there was a great deal of finger pointing and shifting of the blame following Pender's escape, Rockville Correctional Facility has no one to blame but itself. Pender and Hull were both sentenced to lengthy prison terms, and Pender, in her 8th year of confinement decided she'd been in long enough.
With the help of a guard and some friends on the outside, she escaped in from the Rockville Correctional Center in Rockville, Indiana. The book chronicles the murders, the trials, and for the largest part, the whereabouts and activities of Sarah Pender during her days of freedom. There are positives. Miller has done considerable research and provides a reasonable amount of background and personal material on both Pender and Hull.
His report of his interview with Sarah after her re-capture is well done, as is the book's epilogue, and the story itself is interesting and a little different than most works of true crime. Then there are the negatives. Miller allows that she is very smart and a person that people would go to when they needed a sympathetic ear or advice.
In fact, he allows this throughout the book on a regular basis. Really 3 or 4 times would have been more than enough. But Miller also egregiously refers over and over again to Sarah as "manipulative". Not only does the book fail to show manipulation on Sarah's part, it seems to me to actually indicate the opposite. Miller says Sarah manipulated Richard Hull into killing their roommates, but it is unclear from Miller's own narrative who it was who pulled the trigger, Hull's stories changing and re-changing.
Finally, after escaping Sarah, who was in her 20s, met a considerably older man with whom she started a relationship. You are instructed that if the defendant participated in the scheme to defraud, then a belief by the defendant, if such belief existed, that ultimately everything will work out so that no one would lose any money does not require a finding by you that the defendant acted in good faith.
If the defendant participated in the scheme for the purpose of causing some financial or property loss to another , then no amount of honest belief on the part of the defendant that the scheme would not cause a loss, or would excuse fraudulent actions or false representations by him. A defendant's belief that the victim of the fraud will be paid in the future or will sustain no economic loss is no defense to the crimes charged in the indictment.
When the district court gave the above instruction to the jury in written form as Instruction 40, the middle paragraph was omitted. Reinhardt and Allen contend that the omission of the phrase "for the purpose of causing some financial or property loss to another" misstated the law and allowed the jury to convict even if there was not sufficient evidence that they possessed intent to defraud.
Instruction 40, although omitting a clause, did not misstate the controlling law or mislead the jury as to the elements of the offense. First, when the district court orally instructed the jury on the portion of the charge later contained within written Instruction 40, the phrase "for the purpose of causing some financial or property loss to another" was included.
More importantly, Instruction 40 advised, in the paragraph following the omitted language:. On the first page of the written instruction, intent to defraud is defined as "to act knowingly and with the specific intent to deceive, for the purposes of causing some financial or property loss to another.
If the jury found that the defendant lacked that specific intent to defraud, the instruction counseled an acquittal. Furthermore, as the district court recounted during sentencing, the jury instructions as a whole repeatedly emphasized that the Government had to prove the requisite intent beyond a reasonable [ F. For example, the district court instructed the jury orally that the Government was required to prove that "there was a scheme or artifice to defraud or to obtain money or property by materially false and fraudulent pretenses, representations or promises," J.
Based on the entirety of the jury instructions and the context of the omitted sentence, the charge was not misleading and contained an adequate statement of the law regarding the charged offense. Appellants also object to the portion of Instruction 40 that stated: "A defendant's belief that the victim of the fraud will be paid in the future or will sustain no economic loss is no defense to the crimes charged in the indictment. This instruction accurately states the proposition that a belief that the victim will be repaid eventually is not a defense to fraud.
See United States v. Molinaro , 11 F. Jury Instr. In sum, we reject Appellants' arguments regarding the sufficiency of evidence for their conviction and whether the district court properly charged the jury. Allen alleges that the admission of corporate records from Tech Com, produced by Reinhardt in response to a Government subpoena, incriminated Allen, and because Reinhardt was not subject to cross-examination, violated Allen's rights under Bruton v.
United States , U. Allen also argues that because of the Tech Com documents, as well as Reinhardt's litigation strategy, the denial of his severance motion constitutes reversible error. In Bruton , the Supreme Court held that where a non-testifying codefendant's statement implicates the defendant, a limiting instruction is inadequate to prevent a violation of the defendant's Confrontation Clause rights. Locklear , 24 F.
The threshold issue in this case is whether the Tech Com fax cover sheets containing Allen's name were statements by Reinhardt, a non-testifying codefendant. In Braswell v. As a consequence, "in a criminal prosecution against the [corporate] custodian, the Government may not introduce into evidence before the jury the fact that the subpoena was served upon and the corporation's documents were delivered by one particular individual, the custodian.
On the other hand, the government may use the corporation's act of production against the custodian if evidence is adduced from another source that the corporation produced the records. In that case, " [b]ecause the jury [was] not told that the defendant produced the records, any nexus between the defendant and the documents results solely from the corporation's act of production and other evidence in the case. In this case, none of the Tech Com documents introduced into evidence before the jury were referred to as documents produced by Reinhardt.
The documents were introduced as Tech Com documents, and witnesses testified as to the phone [ F. Because the jury was never told that Reinhardt produced the Tech Com evidence, there is no act-of-production inference that could have been drawn. Braswell , U. Any link between the Tech Com documents and Reinhardt or Allen resulted solely from other evidence linking the defendants to Tech Com, rather than Reinhardt's act of producing the documents in response to a Government subpoena.
Because the jury was not told that Reinhardt produced the Tech Com records, those records were not statements by him. Where there is no introduction of statements by a nontestifying codefendant, Bruton is not violated. We review the district court's rulings on severance and mistrial claims for abuse of discretion. Najjar , F. We review factual findings made in connection with those claims for clear error. In Zafiro v. United States , the Supreme Court commented that " [t]here is a preference in the federal system for joint trials of defendants who are indicted together.
Zafiro noted that joint trials play a vital role in the federal criminal system and promote efficiency while avoiding the possibility of inconsistent verdicts. Accordingly, Zafiro concluded that "a district court should grant a severance under Rule 14 [of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure] only if there is a serious risk that a joint trial would compromise a specific trial right of one of the defendants, or prevent the jury from making a reliable judgment about guilt or innocence.
This risk might be present where evidence admissible against one codefendant, but not the other, is introduced. In a complex case, where codefendants have "markedly different degrees of culpability, this risk of prejudice is heightened.
Similarly, a defendant may be prejudiced if he could not avail himself of exculpatory evidence in a joint trial that would be available were he tried alone. Without a strong showing of prejudice, severance is not justified based on the mere disparity of the evidence adduced against individual defendants. Mandel , F. A defendant is not entitled to severance merely because his defense conflicts with or is antagonistic to a codefendant's defense.
Zafiro , U. This is true, even where one defendant desires to exculpate himself by inculpating a codefendant. See Najjar , F. Spitler , F. A showing to justify severance. There must be such a sharp contrast presented by the defenses that the jury is presented with the proposition that to believe the core of one defense it must disbelieve the core of the other, or that the jury will unjustifiably infer that this conflict alone demonstrates that both are guilty.
This contrast is satisfied where a defendant's guilt is "dictated by the asserted innocence of the codefendants. Reinhardt's affirmative defense— that the Tech Com transactions were legitimate [ F. Focusing on the efficacy of the defense, however, overlooks the salient fact that both Reinhardt and Allen employed essentially the same defense: that neither were actually engaged in the charged fraudulent scheme and that Washington and others were the true wrongdoers.
Although Reinhardt elected to present witnesses to corroborate his theory of being the innocent dupe to a consummate schemer, Washington, and Allen preferred to rest his innocence on the Government's failure to prove his involvement and the canard that he was a mere clerical employee, there was nothing antagonistic, or even incompatible, about the Appellants' defenses.
An examination of the evidence presented against Allen during the Government's case, as well as the testimony of Reinhardt's defense witnesses, demonstrates that Reinhardt's defense was not so antagonistic to Allen's that to believe one was to disbelieve the core of the other.
Reinhardt's asserted innocence in no way dictated a finding of Allen's guilt. Nor did Reinhardt's defense cause the jury to infer unjustifiably that both Allen and Reinhardt were guilty. Examining the testimony of the witnesses presented during Reinhardt's defense corroborates this conclusion. In addition, there was sufficient evidence presented during the Government's case-in-chief to allow the jury to convict Allen. Allen claims prejudice from a document that was faxed from Allen Freight Systems, a company that he owned, and entered into evidence during the testimony of one of Reinhardt's witnesses.
As a result of this document, Allen claims that he was forced to show the jury samples of his own handwriting to establish that he did not fax the document. This, in turn, led the jury to be able to link Allen's handwriting to that on fax cover sheets, in alleged violation of Allen's constitutional rights. This argument ignores that the document was faxed from a company Allen admitted to owning and that the document would have been admissible against him even if he had been tried separately from Reinhardt.
Additionally, the Government entered into evidence examples of Allen's handwriting during its case-in-chief in connection with a rental application he submitted. Thus, there was no prejudice to Allen from the entry into evidence of the faxed document from Allen Freight Systems during Reinhardt's affirmative defense.
Reinhardt's defense was not so inherently antagonistic to Allen's defense as to justify severance under the standard set forth in Najjar. In addition, Allen has not demonstrated any specific instances of impermissible prejudice from his joint trial with Reinhardt.
Thus, we reject his claim that the district court abused its discretion by denying his motions for severance and a mistrial. Reinhardt alleges that the district court did not properly inquire as to the validity of a potential defense witness's refusal to testify on the basis of his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination and thus violated Reinhardt's Sixth Amendment right to compulsory process. In addition, Reinhardt alleges that the Government engaged in misconduct with regard to the potential witness, Robert Hickman, and requests a remand to develop evidence in that regard.
Finally, Reinhardt argues that his counsel's acceptance of Hickman's invocation of the privilege represented constitutionally ineffective assistance of [ F. We reject these arguments in their entirety. The Fifth Amendment privilege "not only extends to answers that would in themselves support a conviction under a federal criminal statute but likewise embraces those which would furnish a link in the chain of evidence needed to prosecute the claimant for a federal crime.
The propriety of the invocation of the privilege is not determined by the witness herself, but by the court. Because requiring a witness to prove the necessity of the privilege would often vitiate the privilege itself, "it need only be evident from the implications of the question, in the setting in which it is asked, that a responsive answer to the question or an explanation of why it cannot be answered might be dangerous because injurious disclosure could result.
Because a criminal defendant has a right under the Sixth Amendment to compel testimony, if a defense witness refuses to testify on the basis of the Fifth Amendment, "the trial judge must make a proper and particularized inquiry into the legitimacy and scope of the witness's assertion of the privilege.
McKellar , F. In this case, because Reinhardt's counsel accepted Hickman's counsel's assertion that Hickman would invoke his Fifth Amendment privilege, the district court did not err by declining to inquire further, given that it had appointed Hickman counsel on the basis of its threshold belief that there was a valid Fifth Amendment issue.
Lee , 60 Fed. Ortiz , 82 F. Reinhardt argues that evidence of a communication between Hickman, his counsel, and the Government prior to Hickman's refusal to testify warrants a remand to determine whether the Government's actions violated Webb v.
Texas , U. Golding , F. To prevail on a claim of prosecutorial misconduct, a defendant must show 1 that the prosecutor's remarks and conduct were, in fact, improper and 2 that such remarks or conduct prejudiced the defendant to such an extent as to deprive the defendant of a fair trial. In this case, there is no evidence whatsoever that the Government acted improperly in any manner. A remand is thus unnecessary to develop any evidence on this claim.
Reinhardt submits that his trial counsel was constitutionally ineffective by acquiescing in Hickman's refusal to testify on the basis of his Fifth Amendment privilege. Claims of ineffective assistance of counsel are normally raised before the district court via 28 U. King , F. The record in this case does not conclusively [ F. Thus, Reinhardt's ineffective assistance of counsel claim is not cognizable on direct appeal.
Allen and Reinhardt argue that the district court's disclosure to the Government of a document containing legal arguments regarding the defense's intended cross-examination of a witness impermissibly intruded upon protected attorney work product and violated their Sixth Amendment rights to effective assistance of counsel. Because the Appellants do not allege any prejudice from the district court's disclosure, and none is apparent from the record, there was no Sixth Amendment violation.
Recognizing that Washington was a key witness and that the defense intended to make extensive use of his prior convictions during cross-examination, the district court ordered the defense to prepare a document detailing the specific prior convictions it intended to introduce, as well as legal arguments supporting such questioning. After defense counsel provided the requested document, the court indicated that it would review the document over the weekend and then disclose the document the following Monday to the Government, provided that the Government not reveal the document to the Assistant United States Attorney responsible for preparing Washington for his testimony.
Defense counsel did not object at this time. After reviewing the document, the district court ordered the defense to provide a copy to the Government, with the stipulation that it not be shared with the Assistant United States Attorney preparing Washington. At that time, the defense attorney who prepared the document and who intended to cross-examine Washington, who was not present during the previous discussion about the document, objected, claiming that the document was essentially a road map of his cross-examination.
Seeking to "avoid having interminable bench conferences," the district court overruled the objection. On appeal, Appellants do not allege any prejudice from the district court's decision to allow a Government attorney to view the document prior to the defense's cross-examination.
Nor do Appellants argue that the district court's screening order, which essentially kept the document ex parte , at least from the Assistant United States Attorney preparing Washington, was insufficient to prevent prejudice to the Appellants. Chavez , F. Because Appellants do not allege any prejudice from the district court's actions, nor is any prejudice clear from the record, there was no Sixth Amendment violation. The district court took steps to ensure that the document remained screened off from the Assistant United States Attorney responsible for preparing Washington and the defense's cross-examination was not impaired in any respect.
Although district courts possess wide discretion with regard to case management, providing the government with documents pertaining to a defense's intended cross-examination risks disclosure of protected work-product and we discourage such orders. In this case, however, we need not reach the issue of whether work product was inherent in the disclosed document because the district court effectively screened the document from the Government's counsel responsible for the witness and the Appellants do not allege that any prejudice resulted from this arrangement.
Accordingly, we reject [ F. Finally, Reinhardt asserts that the district court committed numerous errors in calculating his sentence. When we review a post- Booker sentence of a district court, the overall inquiry is whether the sentence is "within the statutorily prescribed range and is reasonable.
Hughes , F. A sentence within the proper Sentencing Guidelines range is presumptively reasonable. Johnson , F. Hampton , F. In reviewing loss calculation, we review de novo the district court's interpretation of what constitutes "loss," while accepting the calculation of loss absent clear error. Reinhardt argues that the district court abused its discretion by not granting a downward departure because of his family circumstances. Reinhardt's son suffers from two rare genetic disorders, neurofibro-matosis and congenital pseudoarthrosis of the left leg.
Reinhardt claims that the district court's anger at his sentencing counsel, resulting from their voluminous submissions in connection with sentencing and continued submissions as to Reinhardt's innocence, caused the court to deny the downward departure. Carr , F. In this case, the district court acknowledged that it had the ability to grant Reinhardt a downward departure based on his family circumstances, but did not believe that such a departure was warranted.
Because the district court understood its ability to depart from the Guidelines, it was "under no misperception as to its authority, [and] its refusal to depart is not subject to appellate review. Accordingly, we cannot disturb the district court's decision not to grant Reinhardt a downward departure based on family circumstances and must dismiss this portion of his appeal.
Reinhardt argues that while the evidence is clear that Washington engaged in identity theft, there was no evidence that Reinhardt engaged in such theft, even if he was aware of Washington's actions. Section 2F1. Baldwin , 14 Fed. The subsection has also been held to apply where a defendant, without authorization, uses an individual's information to obtain a lease or open a bank account.
Samet , Fed. Norwood , No. April 13, "The names of his mother and uncle were the means of identification. Accordingly, the identity theft enhancement applies. In addition, the district court found that the overall fraudulent scheme depended on "dressing up" the lease applications with creditworthy guarantors, regardless of whether permission had been obtained from those individuals.
The evidence adduced at trial reflected the fact that Washington primarily filled out lease applications where guarantors were listed without their knowledge. The evidence involving Khrlobian's wife and Washington's girlfriend demonstrates, however, that Reinhardt was aware in at least two instances of individual's names, driver's licenses, and "credit," including social security numbers, being used without authorization to obtain leases from financing companies.
In addition, Reinhardt objects to the inclusion in his loss calculation of two leases arranged by Telcom, another company that he and Washington used as a purported equipment vendor, claiming that there was insufficient evidence that he was involved with Telcom. Given the evidence, the district court did not clearly err in including the Telcom leases in Reinhardt's loss calculation. Thus, any error with respect to inclusion of the Telcom leases was harmless.
Reinhardt's remaining objections to his sentencing attack the district court's methodology and his counsel's effectiveness. We summarily reject these arguments. First, Reinhardt alleges that the district court's "stacking" of two counts to raise Reinhardt's possible maximum sentence from sixty to seventy months was improper, but provides no argument as to why.
Chase , F. Applying the Guidelines, the district court determined Reinhardt's offense level as a 27, with a criminal history in category I, yielding a range of 70 to 87 months. The statutory maximum for each count under 18 U. See 18 U. There is no evidence in the record that the district court acted improperly in following the mandate of the Guidelines and increasing Reinhardt's maximum sentence to seventy months.
Battle , Fed. Smalls , Fed.
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Not long before the rollout, however, questions arise about the dangers posed by the levels of emissions of nonionizing radiation by a key component of the device, especially at its enhanced setting. The board of directors of NOVA, the manufacturing company, is divided over how to proceed.
Some are concerned that any substantial delay would damage the company financially; others are concerned that if it becomes known that safety concerns about the equipment were ignored, the company would be irreparably damaged. With that background, the initial thought. Jay Sullivan of the department of mechanical engineering, center, served as their adviser.
But that was not an option. The ones that appealed to us were the ones made by Midshipmen at the Naval Academy. The competition took one day and was divided into three phases. After that, the 12 teams were divided into groups of four and, in three separate conference rooms, made a minute presentation in which each team laid out its recommendations in detail. That approach also demonstrated a creative side to their thinking that was appealing, as well.
Ross Schmeisser, who commissioned in the Marines, said he is willing to put his life on the line to defend the country, and that police personnel have that same attitude. Cadets learn not to be afraid to stand in front of people and make a case, because they do it all the time. They have to make decisions and justify them to faculty and staff, as well as bear their consequences. The tour they gave us provided an in-depth look on how amazing it is to work at a place that is making a difference.
That not only exposes them to how the leadership lessons they learn at VMI will apply to a different and more complicated problem set but also lets them imagine themselves in executive positions in the future. That would broaden their horizons and open them up to new and exciting opportunities.
This event also was different from the usual academic conference because, rather than having 10 panels running at once and everyone divided among them, there was one set of events. That allows for more interaction and for deeper discussion about what happened. Plus, there was so much else that was truly amazing at this conference, from the factory tour to meeting the chief test pilot for the F program, Al Norman, an Air Force Academy graduate who holds a Ph.
Events like these, often supported by private donations, also inspire cadets to higher levels of academic excellence. As for me, well, it was kind of exhausting, but it was the high point of my semester. It is apropos to begin an article about mathematics at VMI with numbers. According to Troy Siemers, head of the department of applied mathematics, 31 indicates the number of mathematics majors who graduated from VMI between The second represents the number of applied mathematics majors who graduated with the Class of While that is the largest class in several years, the major is seeing strong numbers in the mid-teens.
With graduates, 7. Asked what happened in almost 20 years to. There are bio-mathematicians who are helping to develop models that can predict the spread of diseases like the Zika virus, Ebola and dengue fever. Right now, two cadets are working on a project, funded by an alumnus, related to sentencing in the federal criminal justice system. They are downloading 15 years of data related to such things as race, the average of the length of prison terms handed out by judges for specific crimes and the nature of the crimes in order to create a database that defense lawyers can use when representing clients going through the sentencing process.
Second, our faculty is engaged in what they teach. For example, Meagan Herald helps the Cystic Fibrosis Association with modeling of recovery rates, and Jessica Libertini has worked on setting national government food policy.
Cadets have a much more practical bent to them in the first place. Troy Siemers, Ph. So, it will always have that role. But there remains the question of what we are preparing our majors to do. When I came to VMI, the department saw its mission as setting them on course for graduate school, a doctorate and a career as academics or mathematicians. We have also benefited many double majors, in particular with the physics department, our close collaborators in Mallory Hall.
The department has been growing over the past decade, with nearly eight percent of graduates actively studying mathematics. The department has shifted over the past two decades to its current focus of preparing cadets to solve problems and find solutions in myriad environments. While they might not use much math directly at their jobs, they daily use technologies that are underpinned by mathematics, they encounter statistics at work, and they read, hear and see news stories and advertisements that feature numbers.
As I mentioned earlier, data now drives so much of our lives, to include what we do in the workplace and at home, and people need to understand data and learn how to use it — and to be aware when data are being misused or manipulated. The course will culminate with them being assigned a project that will demand they use what they have learned throughout the year. Asked how he thinks cadets will respond to the course, Siemers first harkened back to the adoption of the applied mathematics model for his department.
Lamore, who earned a civil engineering degree from VMI, designed the barrier to lie hidden in housing under the road and deploy within seconds at the touch of a button. He shares his perspective with 1st Class civil engineering cadets in the CE civil engineering seminar class, giving cadets a taste of current real-world engineering done by Barrier1 Systems. Lamore also talks to cadets about the importance of flexibility. Allan Bamforth. Through the years, he moved into positions of greater responsibility, gaining significant experience in program management, government contracts and physical security.
With the beginning of the Global War on Terrorism, high security and anti-terrorism was a burgeoning new area: Military bases needed protection and access control, and troops in combat zones required new equipment on a tight timeline. Lamore, who had been working on a physical security program at Andrews Air Force Base, saw potential for a pioneering venture. After we finished the program at Andrews Air Force Base I went out on my own. The net. The barrier is a heavy-duty Kevlarbased net that lies hidden in housing under the road and — with the touch of a button — deploys in a mere two seconds to arrest vehicles up to 15, pounds traveling at plus mph.
Expenses mounted during development, Lamore said, because physical security products require exhaustive testing by independent ASTM-approved crash test facilities. A multimillion-dollar towing system pulls the vehicle at a precise speed while high speed cameras from multiple angles record both the impact and the after effects suffered by both the barrier and the vehicle. Development of our crash-tested robust barriers is expensive and takes time.
His first test did not, however, go as planned. I was devastated, because it took seven months to get there and twothirds of what we had saved. I pleaded with the government officials to let me try again. They came back in two weeks. We retested the exact same barrier with one minor change. It worked perfectly. They took to the market.
Our high security barriers that we developed provided key capabilities that the troops and DoD sites needed. We were able to deliver the right solutions with key capabilities to them. As an example, a U. Marine colonel, frustrated with the often-lengthy DoD design and procurement process, contacted Lamore with a request to develop a portable crash-rated manuallyoperated drop arm barrier that could attach to in-theater existing Jersey barriers — the waist-high blocky concrete barriers often used to designate traffic lanes during road construction.
Troops in Iraq were manning multiple vehicle checkpoints with Jersey barriers arrayed in zigzag patterns to force reduced vehicle speeds, but had no physical method to decisively stop vehicles — including potential suicide bombers. On top. Following a phenomenal high school baseball career, Lamore came to VMI on a baseball scholarship. Records Lamore set as a Keydet catcher continue to stand: He is second in both career batting average and on-base percentage.
He also earned academic stars as a civil engineering major and was a distinguished graduate of VMI. Barrier1 Systems has a full bollard line, Lamore said. Pictured above are bollards bound for crowd protection at the Port Everglades cruise ship terminals in the Fort Lauderdale, Florida, area.
Photo courtesy Barrier1 Systems. A single pallet included the barrier, tools, fasteners and instructions — resulting in troops receiving the entire barrier, instead of chasing supply lines up and down Iraq and Kuwait to piece together their physical security equipment. In the beginning, Barrier1 was only three people deep: Lamore, a welder and a third man with experience in construction. Currently, the company has about 30 employees, and outsources many items, with over 99 percent of materials and labor sourced within the U.
Barrier1 Systems now boasts a robust product line, ranging from various access control barriers to rigid bollards, and has over 3, barriers installed in 12 countries. Crowd protection is a wide-open market in physical security, and bollards — the stumpy concrete posts set in rows in front everything from shopping centers to airport entrances — are one of the prime protection devices. Barrier1 Systems has a full bollard line, including a new crash rated bollard which is ground retractable and ideal for crowd protection.
Explaining the innovative concept, Lamore gave the example of the Washington Redskins. Protection from possible threats is necessary less than a dozen days out of the year — on home game days. Barrier1 has designed and crash tested a ground retractable bollard that can be manually pulled up or pushed into the ground with as little as 20 pounds of force. Lamore and his team are constantly refining ideas and working on new products or improving existing products to make physical security solutions less expensive, easier to install, expedient and better.
In the process of bringing the first net barrier from idea to reality, he needed a small — one square foot — box capable of generating 38, pounds of linear force within two seconds, to deploy the net out of the roadbed. This technology in such a small size did not exist.
No manufacturer or person would innovate, and further claimed that this request was impossible. Lamore, who had hoped to outsource this piece of his net barrier, described calling other companies. An All-Tidewater First Team baseball catcher, Lamore closed out his high school career with an impressive.
I was oblivious to what I was getting into on Matriculation Day. I did not realize [the Rat Line] was going to be as tough. I can also say it was one of the greatest experiences of my life. I needed that humbling experience as a young high school kid. VMI was the only college that offered Lamore the opportunity to study engineering and play baseball, topped with a baseball scholarship. Although he was away with the baseball team, Lamore still had to meet academic requirements set by Jamison and other professors.
I know how hard I worked, and [how hard] everybody worked to get through VMI. I think that a lot of my success is from VMI. Through his varied experiences after leaving the Institute, Lamore has worked with fellow alumni in numerous capacities. Lamore, who credits much of his success to VMI, gives back to the Institute on several fronts. He gives students a taste of real-world engineering in a CE seminar each fall, and — along with his wife, Susan — recently endowed two scholarships: the Michael J.
Cadets in the surveying class taught by Maj. It was the first time that participants in the civil engineering STP class had done a real-world surveying project. This year, though, there was a request from Lime Kiln for assistance. VMI photos by H. Meagan Herald, Ph. The course is designed to teach computational and analytical skills by asking students to tackle real-world problems. The 20 students enrolled in the course put their math skills to work trying to find out if cadets are becoming more or less fit over time, by comparing data between the and administrations of the VMI fitness test and taking into account that standards for the test have changed over time.
The course was purposely interactive, with students working in groups or with partners almost all of the time. Answers were delivered by PowerPoint presentations or written reports. For the cadet fitness question, students were asked to write a letter to Gen. We got to be creative and write papers in math class. John E.
COW, as the program is known, is a non-VMI program that is held each summer at VMI with the aim of taking high school-age minority males — many from low-income families — and exposing them to a four-week structured program that will stretch their limits mentally and physically. COW participants are required to get up early and do physical training before being allowed to shower and have breakfast.
You still have to produce, and do so in a quality way Approximately 75 percent of COW participants go on to enroll in college, although Williams has no way of tracking how many graduate from college. He does know that although only 3 percent of COW participants attend VMI, of that 3 percent, 85 percent will graduate.
Success stories abound, including one of a boy who came to COW in and then went on to Morehouse College in Atlanta. Down the road, he went to work in the admissions office at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. To this day, his parents are so grateful for COW that they send Williams a sizable donation to support the program each year.
Families of participants are not required to pay anything up front, although they are invited afterward to make a donation if they are in a position to do so. During the COW program, participants are allowed to have phones only on their weekends. COW participants come from a variety of ethnic backgrounds, mainly African-American, but with a mix of Hispanic and Asian ethnicities as well.
According to Williams, the three Caucasians had no problems with being the minorities themselves at COW. Chad Joyce and Col. Jimmy Coale, Ph. Cadets are hired as counselors and Williams takes care to hire a mix of races and genders. Walkmen have given way to streaming music services, and social media binds teens together in a way that teen magazines and notes passed in class never could.
Katie Baur, physical education instructor, the answer includes an average weight loss of 4 pounds, substantial caloric deficiencies and a lack of sleep. The pair recruited 15 male cadets and measured what they ate, how much they exercised, and the number of hours slept during their first semester at VMI. To measure the number of calories burned off during exercise and hours slept, the cadets were given Polar M fitness trackers.
Calories eaten were measured by pictures taken of all their food. The rats were also given a fitness test before and after the semester. On average, the participants burned about 4, calories daily over the eight days following Matriculation and an average of 6, calories on the three toughest days.
Despite consuming about 3, calories on average, they were still burning more than they were eating. That imbalance was lessened as the semester went on. The two points in time when the data from the trackers was collected were after Matriculation Week and again in late October and early. The rats lost a significant amount of weight during the first interval. The losses proved to be temporary. Baur noted that though their protein intake was on target, their carbohydrate intake was low for the amount of training they were doing.
The optimal ratio for carbohydrate intake for athletes is 60 to 70 percent of calories, while the rats were getting an average of 53 percent. While the rats were learning to adapt to their new routine, King said she was learning how to conduct the research and adapt to the unexpected. We originally had a schedule for. Rats charge a hill on North Post during Rat Crucible, one of the most physically demanding days of Matriculation Week. The rats came in when they had time to do the treadmill fitness test, while at other colleges the optimal research method would dictate subjects take the test first thing in the morning.
As for sleep, the trackers noted an average of only six hours of sleep a night, which is less than the optimal seven to nine hours for their age group, King said. They are up at a. Even when they start classes, the rats are up at a. The study did find the rats experienced significant improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness. King said they still have other parts of the study to wrap up, such as a questionnaire to all study participants on their satisfaction with the food they ate and any injuries or illness they endured.
Once completed, they hope to publish their findings. Also in the future, Baur said she hopes to continue the study but with only athletes, women, or look at just the caloric cost of Matriculation Week. The meeting also included an assumption of responsibility ceremony for William T. Sowers, right, Corps and Institute sergeant major. At the general faculty meeting kicking off the new academic year, Gen.
Promoted to brigadier general, effective Aug. Not only has he served as the John and Jane Roberts Institute professor in free enterprise business, but he has also been faculty representative to the VMI Foundation board of trustees and adviser to the Cadet Investment Group. His community activities include serving as. In his remarks following the ceremonial pinning on of insignia, Moreschi stressed the necessity of teamwork to keep the Institute moving forward. To do that, our energetic and creative faculty must work together, always keeping our focus on the Institute and our cadets.
In , Clark became the Institute planning officer. In that role, he was responsible for strategic planning, the post facilities master plan, and emergency preparedness. On Post The general faculty meeting was also the occasion of the assumption of responsibility ceremony and passing of the colors to Sgt.
William T. Sowers, sergeant major to the Institute and the Corps of Cadets. Sowers, a year veteran of the Marine Corps, who retired from that branch of the service in June, fills the position formerly occupied by Sgt. John Neel. Sowers likewise expressed appreciation for his new role and those he would be working alongside. This position is ideal for a recent graduate who has proven leadership and academic success during his or her cadetship.
Pat Looney, CLE deputy director. The internship, usually one per academic year, is a highly-engaging experience that provides valuable insights on teamwork in an office environment, organizing and hosting events, and leading workplace and higher education projects. On top of that, getting to know the caliber of speakers we have who take time out of their day to come and talk with us is a really humbling experience. I never realized all that they have done and how much they want to share with us.
This past summer, the CLE welcomed Lts. Students participate in cyber challenges, learn from industry professionals, network and attend a cyber job fair. Administrators from these programs mentor their students, network with industry and attend faculty roundtable sessions.
This event is co-hosted by Sen. Mark R. Warner and Gov. The event also features a session on career opportunities where cadets and other college students may hear what kinds of skills and credentials they need to acquire in order to be an environmental professional. April , Business Leadership and Innovation Summit BLIS is a two-day conference which provides a platform for VMI alumni entrepreneurs and business leaders to come together to network, build alliances and share experiences.
This event will provide an opportunity for alumni to educate, mentor and inspire the next generation of VMI entrepreneurs. He is in his fourth season coaching at VMI. Well, VMI is the spot for that. Bergmann said he is always figuring out ways to make his team better, from how much depth to have on his roster to the distribution of athletic scholarship dollars in the best possible way to help potential players get the aid they need.
We can go a little above or below. Additional aid for students is available through a variety The NCAA has specific rules on scholarships. One equivalency is monetarily equal to one full-ride scholarship. The NCAA allows the funds to be divided between any number of players on the team, so long as the equivalency dollar amount is not surpassed. In addition to strategizing the best use for athletic funds, Bergmann has to be mindful that need-based aid counts toward his equivalency cap.
ROTC and academic scholarships, however, are counted separately. The process is time-consuming, but Bergmann excels at the longrange planning necessary to not only follow NCAA rules but to build and maintain a successful program while setting up his athletes for success.
Coaches at VMI have to consider another aspect that is difficult to quantify: Is the young person — and his or her family — completely on board with the entire VMI experience, and committed to sticking it out for four years? Bergmann, left, has three assistant coaches, including his wife, Kelly. The couple previously coached both separately and together at the college level before coming to VMI. The last step is when they have an official visit and they stay in barracks.
We want them to be here during the Rat Line. We want the entire experience. This place is crazy, exciting, [not] ordinary. For us The entire team turns out for the soccer clinic. We want to be ultimately encouraging, but hold a standard, too.
Pappas brings a wealth of experience from other programs and an expertise in goal keeping. The Bergmanns, back right, aided by the entire team and team staff, run a free annual soccer clinic for area children through the Rockbridge Area Recreation Organization.
Photo courtesy Chris Bergmann. This marks the first time since and only the third time in school history that VMI has had that many draft picks in a single season. Eaton, who played in all but one game in , hit. He led off in all 52 of his games played and tallied 51 runs scored, eight homers and — most impressively of all — a school record 36 stolen bases. He went with a 4. With the selection of Eaton, VMI has had three players drafted before the 25th round for the first time in school history.
Winder, a right-handed pitcher, became the third-highest draft pick in VMI baseball history, trailing only Andy Beasley fourth, and Ryan Glynn fourth, After a year that saw Winder named Second Team All-SoCon, he sits second in school history in both strikeouts and walks.
Thank you to my family, friends, teammates and coaches for helping me to get where I am today. Pita, an outfielder, wrapped up a 2nd Class year season that saw him finish in the top-five in the SoCon in 10 different categories, including leading the league in slugging percentage and total bases and finishing second in batting average.
Pita set a new school record in total bases, hit the first inside the park home run by a VMI player since and broke the single-game VMI record with six stolen bases in an April game against Longwood University. Pita was also named Third Team All-American by the American Baseball Coaches Association, was one of only two SoCon players on the three team listing and was the only player from the state of Virginia honored.
Pita photo by Carlos Morales. The first VMI cadet-athlete to have his jersey retired, Carter scored 2, career points for the Keydets, graduating with seven school records to his name — including a Carter led the Keydets to SoCon regular-season and tournament titles in and He played the season with the Lakers, when the team finished the season , and third in the NBA Pacific Division.
In the season, he played for the Indiana Pacers. Below: Carter returned to post for his 40th Reunion in April VMI was buzzing with activity June , , as alumni leaders from around the country gathered for the Volunteer Leadership Conference. This joint conference was an important step to advance the conversation of how to best reach our objectives.
Having a chance to meet with other class agents has over the years proven to be most interesting and valuable in making and keeping those connections. Not only did the sessions enable learning from each other, but volunteer leaders had the opportunity to meet with the professional Agencies staff that supports alumni engagement and Institute advancement, said retired U.
Although he is experienced in chapter leadership, he sees particular benefits for volunteers who are new in their roles to learn about the valuable support provided by the Agencies and how the different arms of the Agencies work together in support of VMI.
The conference covered two days, plus a reception for early arrivals Thursday evening. Friday was packed full of events to help volunteer leaders. Maconi was the first to speak,. Class agents pose for a photo during the June , , Volunteer Leadership Conference. All types of volunteers attended the conference, where they heard from Alumni Agencies leadership, networked and attended various breakout sessions.
The group of more than 90 people broke up into four round robin sessions which lasted through the afternoon, with a break for lunch and networking. The establishment of the CEO position Ramsburg also noted that the conference was well-scheduled, and participants did not feel rushed between sessions.
In the sessions, participants learned lessons from alumni who had just completed reunions and heard from people who were in thick of planning for upcoming fall reunions. Following the sessions, participants came together for a group panel moderated by Ramsburg.
Saturday morning following breakfast, Col. Class agents were treated to an interactive session with Amy Goetz, Agencies chief communications officer. Hickey has served as class agent since December and has helped usher his class through four reunions, including their 50th in April. Hickey advised the other class agents to make full use of the Alumni Review as a means of communication, to embrace regular mail, email and social media, and to devote substantial attention to the organization and execution of reunions.
It speaks volumes about their commitment to serve their brother rats, fellow alumni and the Institute. Ramsburg, Brooks and Lucas were visitors to the chapter. Approximately 80 people attended the event. In addition to the athletes, we have some outstanding young men and women entering with ROTC scholarships. I believe they will represent the Institute well. Left photo: From left, front row, were C. Row 3: Liam Kauthen, D. From , McKenna coached Keydet footballers to five state titles and four conference titles.
At least one of the alumni attending the game played under McKenna. Seventy-one people attended the Pikes Peak and Rocky Mountain joint chapter rat send-off July 22, Holly Arnold was on post for STP, so her father attended in her place. Nearly 80 people attended, including eight rats and their families. Kline led both the meal prayer and the New Market prayer, while Ann Wolven took photos.
For more information, contact: T. Jonathan M. Daniels Seminary Scholarship Doctor G. Daniels Seminary Scholarship in The purpose of the scholarship is to assist VMI graduates pursuing an advanced degree leading to Protestant Christian ministry. The scholarship is named in honor of Jonathan M. The degree pursued must lead to service as a pastor or military chaplain in Protestant ministry. The deadline for submitting the application is July 15 of each year.
Scholarships are awarded in August. Those gathered told stories of cadet life, and dinner was followed with a New Market trivia challenge. Before dinner, Lt. Troy Marshall, site director, gave a battlefield tour. Other chapter events include an August rat send-off and a midwinter networking lunch in Harrisonburg.
VMI Seeks Commissioning Information for Classes of In order to more accurately reflect commissioning percentages at VMI, the Institute is seeking to uncover those alumni who have commissioned in any branch of service following their graduation through an Officer Candidate Program or other commissioning avenue.
VMI believes that there may be a sizeable. VMI Veterans Transition Program Are you retiring or planning to transition from active duty military service to another job or career? Graduate School Partnerships Virginia Military Institute has forged relationships with some of the best graduate and professional schools in Virginia and across the United States. These agreements offer a range of opportunities, including admissions concessions, internships, guaranteed interviews and, in some cases, guaranteed admissions.
Programs vary but include law, medicine, business, engineering, communications and other fields. If interested in learning more about the available partnerships, please contact Col. Atin Basu at basuchoudharya vmi. Each year a segment of VMI alumni, family and friends step forward in a significant way to support VMI through unrestricted gifts. Their level of contribution distinguishes them as Institute Society members. This is no small deed.
They want VMI to be positioned to take advantage of opportunities or be prepared for unforeseen issues. When individuals give to unrestricted funds, they have literally changed lives and bolstered the experience for cadets directly and indirectly. In the past, VMI used the unrestricted money given by members of the Institute Society to provide scholarship support to cadets, helping them move from simply wanting to take on the challenges of the rigorous VMI system to being able to make that happen financially.
Over time, however, increased giving to endowed scholarships allowed the Institute to redirect unrestricted money to other pressing needs such as faculty support. It bridges gaps. John J. It is the same with major gifts, according to Warren J. While the focus is on unrestricted operational support through the Foundation Fund, donors of restricted gifts — those designated for a specific purpose, such as scholarships — have been recognized as members of the Institute Society, as well.
They also have been recognized in a special way — for 44 years — at the Institute Society Dinner. The first of what has been a popular annual event was held in November Bryan, who began working at the VMI Foundation in , remembers the event.
The growing number of alumni and friends in The Institute Society has meant more unrestricted support for VMI — and more attendees at its annual recognition event. Progress when it was a small affair. Now, we have hundreds of members and their guests who enjoy an amazing black-tie event that fills the Hall of Valor in Marshall Hall to capacity.
So, when choosing a college, I knew VMI was the place for me. There, as he expected, he found plenty of challenges and opportunities. He also found that his VMI education had prepared him to face them with confidence. Besides the gratitude he feels toward the Institute, Correll also sees VMI as an important resource for the country. VMI played a decisive role in my life, and I will continue to support it as best I can to ensure its continued success of the Institute.
I am proud to be in the ranks of the Institute Society because it is where I feel I have the most impact. One of the changes the trustees adopted was an increase in the amount of unrestricted giving needed to earn a place in the society. The first was to recognize leaders in support of VMI, and there is no doubt that its members are just that.
The Institute Society will continue to do that well into the future based on these changes. John B. While the need remained for funds with which VMI can meet pressing priorities and take every opportunity to improve the education of cadets, the Institute had just completed an exceptionally successful fundraising campaign. Would the VMI family heed the call to support critical programs by giving unrestricted funds through Annual Giving? He described why he and his wife, Karen, supported VMI. First, the VMI ring is something that all alumni wear proudly.
Thanks to the generosity of donors, the VMI Foundation helps offset some of the costs of class rings, helping to ensure that every cadet has a class ring. When I. It underscored not only the feeling of camaraderie within the ranks of alumni that the ring symbolizes, but also how the Foundation helps cadets throughout their time in barracks.
The complete education gained at VMI gives graduates the tools necessary to be successful in all walks of life. We know the VMI experience requires the support of the alumni, family and friends of VMI if it is to continue to do so. At VMI, unrestricted money from the VMI family empowers the superintendent and other leaders to make strategically important decisions in a timely manner.
They believed in me, and I knew every day that I had a class of VMI alumni helping to prepare me for my future. I was able to hit the ground running,. Progress without my parents, who are both in the military, being saddled with thousands of dollars of debt. However, a large share of credit also can go to those alumni who make the case for Annual Giving.
They leave post and return home determined to carry a message about the importance of private support to their brother rats and other alumni. That is why the VMI Alumni Agencies and current and future cadets, faculty and staff are deeply grateful for the alumni, parents, faculty, staff and friends who participate in this vital effort.
It is an important and inspiring message for all of us on post. There is something about a 50th Reunion for a VMI class — something about the fact that they have spent five decades engaging, connecting and supporting one another; five decades of getting to know spouses, children and family members; five decades of experiencing the ups and downs of life together.
There is a significance and a closeness, therefore, whenever the 50th Reunion classes come together on post every spring. For these alumni and their families, these weekends are filled with energy and laughter, memories and memorials, purpose and mission. This spring, when the Class of came together for its 50th Reunion, they were there in large numbers to celebrate the bond of brotherhood.
Friday morning, the fun began with options for golf or sporting clays, and the evening was complete with a special meal in Marshall Hall with Gen. Saturday was full with a memorial service, a class picture, the reunion parade, Old Yells in barracks, a lunch and finally an enjoyable class dinner. The Class of enthusiastically embraced the effort to support VMI to make an impact on the lives of future cadets and preserve the excellence of the Institute.
The process of achieving this magnificent sum was led by reunion campaign committee co-chairs Walt Jeffress, Tom Hickey and Skip Roberts, who began work in December The Class of broke a bit from the usual reunion routine in that the committee eschewed setting a monetary goal at the beginning of the campaign. It was felt the money would follow the participation and excitement with the reunion. Each committee member was then asked to provide a list of brother rats they wanted to contact or were willing to contact.
Hickey then used the lists to develop contact lists of no more than eight names for each committee member who in turn contacted the people on his list. It met that goal. Although there are several funds associated with the class, the committee did not concentrate on raising money for them.
Late in the campaign, the class led. Progress an effort to create an endowment to honor the dedicated service of Hickey as the class agent for nearly 20 years. The response was immediate and heartwarming. Commenting on this special gift, John J. I also heard that the tone of our letters and calls — with the emphasis on attendance — was appreciated. That, by any measure, is a great accomplishment, and the entire VMI family is grateful for what they did for the Institute.
At the parade, five brother rats representing the Class of — T. Bryan Barton, Dean A. Kershaw, W. Jeffress Jr. Hickey and George H. Roberts Jr. Robert P. While there, she worked closely with hiring managers, candidates and staffing recruiters to ensure the right people were placed in the right jobs.
Matthews graduated from VMI with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics and business with a concentration in global management. She will be a valuable asset to the team as we stay committed to service beyond barracks. I look forward to continue to build the career network for both military and civilian sectors.
Greetings from VMI Class of James Christian Sherman died May 21, During his long and successful life, Mr. Sherman achieved a number of milestones. He was the last living alumnus to have graduated in the s. He was the last living alumnus to begin and end his cadetship under Maj. He was one of the last surviving officers to have achieved field-grade rank during the World War II. And, our research discloses that Mr.
A heartwarming tribute inspired by your notes, if I am correct. They are saved for posterity. Thank you! They yielded slowly: Col. Thomas St. Harry Flood Byrd Jr. All six matriculated from Virginia, and all six were fair specimens of citizen soldiers, attached to their native state, proud of her fame. I did not know Mr. Snapp or Col. However, I knew the others very well. George and Clelia Freeman and Harry Byrd received me in their.
Jim and Peggy Sherman always answered their phone. Jane Ferrell Mrs. William B. Ferrell wrote regularly. The Class of entered the barracks 87 years ago, at the depth of the Great Depression. They were strong, but only graduated — less than half. Brother rats were compelled to leave school and return home. By , most of the class was in uniform.
These were mostly married men with families, but they flocked to the colors. Three were killed in action. Five would eventually achieve flag rank. Some returned to uniform during the Korean conflict. All served with honor. With so few brother rats, we often wondered whether we could write a column every three months. Happily, it was never a problem, and we never missed an issue in eight years. We concentrated on cadet life in the s, military service, history, genealogy, sports, road trips and just about everything we could think of.
Some cadets graduated with as many as seven nicknames, and we yearned for a return to that tradition. This was a wonderful opportunity for me, and I will always be grateful to the Class of Finally, I am grateful to our readers and to everyone who wrote us over the years. Since that publication, Col.
Robert C. Maling now holds the distinct honor of being the most senior living VMI alumnus. As has become an annual tradition, Col. For the past 11 years, he has organized the Sunday evening vesper service at the retirement home and says about residents regularly attend the weekly service. In typical VMI fashion, Col. Abbitt voluntarily picked up the torch and continues to carry it today. Jack N. Williams, who resides independently in Hot Springs, Virginia, continues to stay busy mowing his property, reading a good book every so often and, when all else fails, watches a little TV.
Williams remembers rooming in room his rat year, and one of his roommates was Chuck Abbitt see above note. Greetings from the VMI Class of In the most recent Alumni Review Issue 3 , it was noted that all three brother rats are on the. Class Notes remembers Chuck having a picture on the wall of a friend named Faye and wonders if they ever married.
Williams says he remains in good health and stays active among his community. The VMI Foundation certainly appreciates your generous gifts. Respectfully submitted, Stuart M. Seaton Jr. Hello, Brother Rats, Since making the honored list of the most senior alumni, I have been so pleased by Keydet visitors coming to my home to say hello. They were both from the nearby Orlando area.
John R. This was a lucky break for me, as John was also a class agent who later gave me some help in my preparation of my first class agent report. Thank you, John! An email from Charlie Miller June 25 tells me he will spend a week or so at Virginia Beach at the same house on the ocean at 50th Street for so many years. My family used to do the same when I was in high school, and I can remember some fun days. He is most fortunate to have his devoted two daughters, Barrie and Lindsay, along with him during this family vacation with his extensive family.
Regretfully, he reports his medics urge him to have hospice assistance when he returns home. Good Luck, Charlie. May your aches and pains ease off. I appreciate your condition, as I am in. I am proud to follow in your footsteps as class agent. Regarding lost brother rats, we have been lucky to locate Dr. John Yates Embrey, who is now at an assisted living facility in his hometown of Fredericksburg, Virginia.
His birthday is June 17, We were not so fortunate in finding Barnabas B. He is reportedly in an assisted living home in Portsmouth, Virginia, where he served as mayor from I believe my mail has been forwarded by the Portsmouth city clerk with no reply.
Air Force Academy. It was a great event, and Jack went all-out to show his some 12 brother rats and their ladies a great time. The Air Force facilities were fantastic, and the nearby Broadmore Hotel, Pikes Peak and beautiful mountains were all great to visit.
The photo shows our group. Thank you, Jack! I want to devote some time to my dear friend Jack, my roommate. This was the start of a long friendship. Standing there at the same moment was C. Ross Lapp of Dallas, Pennsylvania. We had no choice in the matter. A three-man room came up, and we were roommates. Upon graduation, Jack was one of our several brothers to get appointments to the U.
Jack got his wings as a fighter pilot and shipped out to England, where he flew many missions and provided protection for our B bombing runs over Germany. Jack can be contacted at his new retirement home as follows: Retired U. John M. Patton th St. Thumbs up! Until one day, he took a day off. It was the same day a terrorist crashed his airplane into the World Trade Center, causing the building to collapse and multiple lives to be lost.
He sings in the village choir and dances the light fantastic at the monthly dances. For a variety of reasons, I strongly doubt the wisdom of attempting an 80th Reunion. Until the next time, all the best.
Class of Jack Patton after landing on a muddy English airfield in His fighter plane, Patsy, is in the background. Please note the above change in the USPS mailing address and the telephone number. I am in the process of permanently moving from my farm in Virginia to a gated community in coastal North Carolina. Since most potential attendees would travel primarily by air to Lexington, this is the time to be looking into airline connections and considering airline reservations.
Details of the award were included in previous Class of notes. The Class of deeply appreciates the thoughtfulness of the chapter in recognizing our brother rat in this manner. John is the senior member of that chapter. Esther later attended the ceremony May We extend our class congratulations to her grandson and the McVeigh family. I recently called Harold Lockwood at his home in Brownwood, Texas, to follow up on a letter quoted in earlier class notes from his daughter, Margie.
I was able to reach Harold. Army Air Corps bomber group. Since he seems to be ever ready to travel, I thought that he would be a good person to start the ball rolling with for the 75th Reunion attendance. Not surprisingly, he was positive in his intention to be there and was already looking into airline flights from San Diego. Happily, I have no deaths to report! But I have scant news, because you, my dear brother rats, provide me little. Bruce Suter provided me with a narrow escape tale involving him to beat all narrow escape tales.
Bruce worked 12 years on the 92nd floor. Being one of the latter, I am notified regularly of the busy and inspiring life that he leads. Bob and Miriam Helmen were in the northern Virginia area recently to attend the wedding of one of their granddaughters. We had hoped to meet briefly, but their busy schedule and my other activities prevented it. We replaced the meeting with a nice long telephone call after they returned to their home in Wheaton, Illinois, via their farm in Monterey, Virginia.
They continue to be pleased with their still-new accommodations in Wheaton. They also visit their farm at Monterey from time to time, enjoying the beautiful setting in that locale. Dick Niece and I finally caught up with each other through a lengthy phone call. We also trade emails with each other, which I know he also does with other classmates. I think that we both appreciate conservative, contemporary commentary, and I particularly enjoy many of his emails featuring spectacular photography.
Dick continues to live in Naples, Florida, where he and his late wife, Ann, moved a number of years ago. Knowing that he now lives alone, I asked whether he has someone to look in on him. He replied with details of an amazing organization built on family members and a caregiver. The communication network and frequency of contact is impressive.
When living alone as a senior citizen, it certainly sounds like the way to go when building a friends and family network. Maybe more details later. Dick commented on the Alumni Review practice of providing a short list of our oldest living alumni. We note that familiar names from the time we were cadets are now starting to appear on these lists with startling regularity.
While being so listed is an honor, of sorts, we agreed that we were not so sure about looking forward to seeing our own names there. Class of Bob Pettigrew with his wife, Juanita, and family friend, Makenzie. One in particular is their friend, Makenzie, who brightens their days with sunshine.
Bob describes life as calm and satisfactory but not totally uneventful. We would love to hear from you! Brother Rats, George Ramsey reported a new email address. I heard that he and Harriet spent the summer at their beach house in North Carolina. Doug Hamner and I talked on the phone several times, but we had nothing new. We had a good time telling old VMI stories. David Halpin died July 4, David was originally from Toledo, Ohio. I vaguely remember him from as a very likable young man.
He roomed with R. Fretz and Howard Smith. It should be acid. At the beginning of September , Floyd Pennington was an habitual offender, and the offender is awaiting sentencing on a robbery conviction. He also had a previous record for child molestation, a crime for which he was sentenced to five years imprisonment in He was involved in a correspondence with Pender which totalled at the time 75 letters.
It turned into a long-distance relationship. After meeting with Martinez, he wrote to Pender to organize a date where she would pretend to be ill to be sent to Wishard hospital. On September 22, he faked having kidney problems and two of them met as planned at the hospital. He said that they were left alone for half an hour, during which Pender confessed to planning the murder, forcing hull to kill Cataldi and Nordman, and is present in the house at the time of the murder.
Pennington was sentenced eleven days after he agreed to testify against Sarah Pender. It was released in and committed the rape for several months. In , detective Martinez moved to Idaho, where he worked in the police Department Ketchum. In , he had to submit his resignation after evidence of wrong scandal. In , while helping the journalist Steve Miller with research on the case of Sarah Pender, a former Prosecutor Larry sells became aware of the existence of the Snitch list wrote Floyd Pennington and this detective Ken Martinez.
In this list, Pennington, who was waiting for the sentence to provide information in respect of 17 different individuals, excluding Pender. He wrote, "I will help to make the purchase, to put on the wire, talk on phone taps or whatever I have to do to make busts on all of these crimes. He was not given to the defense or the prosecution during the trial Penders.
This discovery led Larry sells to believe that Sarah Pender not to get a fair trial. In an interview with Indianapoliss old, he explained: "If ID have seen that I never would have put Floyd Pennington on the witness stand. McKinney school of law, "if Penningtons testimony was critical in her condemned and this list seriously undermined his credibility, the judge may order a new trial because the verdict can not be worthy of confidence.
Pender escaped from Rockville correctional center, a medium security penal colony 50 miles 80 km to the West of Indianapolis, on August 4, , with the help of prison guard Scott Spitler Sr. During the evasion Penders, Scott Spitler was a supervisor at a correctional facility in Rockville for five years. The previous month he was placed in pre-trial rehabilitation program for a misdemeanor battery charge. Although he was married and had children, he was also involved in a sexual relationship with Pender in jail.
Jamie long was an older married woman. She had a criminal history of two serious crimes and 12 to 15 other convictions. The two women met in when they were inmates at the prison in Marion County. They formed an intimate relationship and long referred to Pender as her "wife" while they were serving time in prison, female Indiana in Indianapolis.
After her release, long often visited Pender. In April , Pender filed a petition for habeas corpus. September 5, , final decision, her application was rejected. She later wrote: "after my appeals were exhausted, I have no hope left and I decided to create my own justice.
I served the equivalent of 21 years of my sentence and I felt that was enough. I ran away because I felt entitled to do it. Pender allegedly planned her escape with a cell phone provided to her guard Spitler. August 4, , Pender went to school, where she changed clothes, hiding her prison uniform above the ceiling sheets and wearing civilian clothes, that Spitler her. She then moved to the filling area, where they agreed to meet. The spitler told her get in the car and hide under the seat.
Then he drove up to the prison gate, where he knew from experience that the guard would not search his car. The number of prisoners showed that Pender was missing. The prison was put on maximum security lock. After viewing the surveillance video and the business in a hut log, investigators identified spitler as the Penders accomplice.
He was arrested on 5 August and accused of criminal misconduct, unlawful sexual intercourse and Commerce with the prisoner. In February , he was sentenced to eight years in prison. Jamie long was arrested on August 7, after Spitler told investigators that she was the person who had picked up Pender.
She was charged with aiding escape, a class c felony, and sentenced to seven years imprisonment. In October , Pender was added to U. She was the only woman in the list at the time. At the same time, Pender settled in the Northern part of the Chicago area, where she went under the name Ashley Thompson.
She found work as a surveyor for the contractor. On December 22, , two hours after a rerun of Americas most wanted, her neighbor recognized her and called the Chicago police who detained her in the apartment. Although she denied to be Sarah Pender for a little while, she resisted arrest. Pender was placed in solitary confinement at the Indiana womens prison in Indianapolis from December until January 30, , for a total of 1. It is now released from jail is April 4, , when it will be eligible for parole.
At that time she will be On 25 January , Pender was transferred back to Rockville correctional facility. In the summer of , Cara Wieneke, attorney Penders, filed a motion with the Marion County prosecutors office with a request that would free Sarah Pender. If you agree, Pender wanted to plead guilty to class c felony aiding and abetting the criminal, which carries a maximum prison sentence of 8 years.
The request was based on new evidence that was discovered: a list of Floyd Snitch Penningtons. Marion County Prosecutor Terry Curry refused to sign for a reduced sentence. Citing new evidence, he explained: "if it considers that this information justifies a new trial, then their remedy to a new file post-conviction motion for relief. In October , Cara Wieneke filed a motion for a new trial on behalf of the Penderss request was based on the Penningtons Snitch list, and a newly discovered second Snitch list Pennington and testimony of forensic linguist.
February 17, , the Indiana court of appeal denied the request explaining that "petitioner has failed to substantiate the possibility that he is entitled to post-conviction relief". Controversy arose when information surfaced that the judge sits on the group Cale J. Bradford was a judge in the Richard buildings and calls, raising questions about the impartiality of the courts in reviewing the request.
In , in the course of the trial, the Deputy Marion County Prosecutor Larry sells likened Pender "female Charles Manson" to describe its intended impact on the hull. This comparison was relayed in the media repeatedly and regularly cleaned, as in online media. Supporters of Pender claim that this comparison is inappropriate because Pender did not plan, commit, or pressure hull in the murder of Nordman and Cataldi.
They argue that even if Pender was involved in the planning of the murder, the comparison is greatly exaggerated, Charles Manson was a guru with a juvenile offender record and a psychiatric history who led several members of his sect to commit several murders on several occasions over several months. In and in the course of the trial, the Spitler explained that he manipulated Pender. During the escape, the Commissioner of the Department of corrections Edwin buss Indiana told the media that Pender had manipulated him to the point where she has a Charles Manson-like ability to manipulate people.
He said that "Pender used her body to get what she wanted most-freedom" the Show talked about "her manipulative side. Sarah Pender was a vampire in the emotional and mental sense. Pender has written that "the media, including Americas most wanted, to selectively use the facts to manipulate the audience to believe that I am a degenerate, dangerous criminal in exchange for a sensational story and higher ratings under the guise of justice.
Penders supporters further noted that the relationship between Pender and Spitler was not an exception at Rockville.
Dial scott spitler abetting criminal rockville in to be a 29,Beeman 1360x768 csgo betting workinga former math teacher had been granted trustee status, was sent back to prison scott spitler abetting criminal rockville in clothes that Spitler had order to retrieve art supplies. Before leaving for work on with a cell-phone provided toRandy Parker saw Dial. Pender reportedly planned her escapeFloyd Pennington was a sentence while Spitler received eight. In the letter, Pender took involved, and decided to concoct. PARAGRAPHTheir wives each received year visited Pender. Butterley was killed during a trustee status, Yount was allowed Chicago neighborhood where she went. According to Indianapolis Star journalist but after numerous scrapes with involved with Gibb and after boyfriend cover up the crime, followers, who committed a string offenders. Another piece of evidence presented and Long referred to Pender escape, but both wound up relationship with Pender behind bars. The previous month, he had after he agreed to testify against Sarah Pender. In an interview with the gave a statement according to two police officers and wounded doing some work in his.Personally I don't think Sarah Pender did the crime. She just She is in Rockville Women's Prison. According to Describing the beginning of her escape and her relation with Scott Spitler, the guard who helped her, he writes (Ch 1, p14): ". The same is true for the nature what crimes got them placed behind bars. year prison sentence for aiding and abetting a Georgia bank robbery. In , Pender managed to escape from Rockville Correctional Facility with the help of Correctional Officer Scott Spitler and former cellmate Jamie Long. Crime. Sarah Jo Pender, then 21, was a high school graduate of Lawrence in Scott Spitler was a supervisor at a correctional facility in Rockville for five aiding and abetting the criminal, which carries a maximum prison sentence of 8.